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Paris: Eiffel Tower

Posted in Europe, Sculptures & Monuments, Worldwide Travel Destinations  by admin on April 30th, 2008

The Eiffel Tower in Paris is one of the most remarkable symbols of Paris. The history that surrounds the creation of this monstrous and impressive tower is both full of conflicts and controversies, which makes it colorful in the whole sense.

Ultimately, the purpose of building the Eiffel Tower was for the Paris Exposition of 1889. A design competition was initiated for the purpose of choosing the most appropriate design for the soon-to-be erected tower. There have been 700 design entries. However, the entry submitted by a French structural engineer named Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) was unanimously selected. Engineers Mauriche Koechlin and Emile Nouguier and Architect Stephen Sauvestre assisted in finishing this design.

One of the arguments raised regarding the creation of Eiffel Tower was a petition submitted to the city government by well-known personalities during that era including Maupassant, Emile Zola, Charles Garnier and Dumas the Younger. In their petition they regarded the Eiffel Tower as a useless and monstrous tower. Another group that questioned the construction of Eiffel tower was the nature lovers who deliberate that the tower will disturb the flight of birds in Paris.

In spite of controversies and arguments raised by several groups, there are also names that approve and appreciate the charm of the Eiffel Tower. These names include Rosseau, Utrillo, Chagall, and Delaunay. In 1909, at the expiration of its 20-year lease; the Eiffel Tower old and shabby was saved because of its antenna used in telegraphy. In 1910, the structure became part of the International Time Service. In 1918, French radio started to make use of the tower while French television did the same in 1957. Semiologist Roland Barthes made a wonderful study of the stature in the 1960s.

With the height that reaches 300m / 984 ft. (320.75m / 1,052 ft. including antenna) and total weight of 7000 tons, the Eiffel Tower is composed of two obviously well-defined parts: the base with a platform laid on four independent supports on top of this is a slim tower is formed as the supports narrow going up the second platform to meet and fuse together forming a unified column.

Before the emergence of the Empire State Building, the Eiffel Tower was the highest structure in the world. The brain behind the Eiffel Tower was the leading European authority on the aerodynamics of high frames. His engineering wizardry was clearly manifested in this masterpiece. The Eiffel Tower can withstand strong winds without swaying more than 4-1/2 inches.

At the moment, after all the controversies and issues raised regarding the construction of the stature, the Eiffel Tower is now well-renowned in the whole world as one of the most remarkable representations of Paris.

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