The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the oldest and the sole remnant of the “Seven Ancient Wonders of the World”. It is located at the northern edge of the Giza plateau.
It was first assumed that all of the three Great Pyramids belong on the top list of Wonders; however it was known that only the Great Pyramid of Khufus (Cheops) fit in the top list. It was built during the 2560 BC by Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty. The Pharaoh had it built to serve as his tomb when he dies.
According to common assessment, it took 20 years for the pyramid to be completed. Many theories have been reflected on as to how the blocks of stone were put in place to form the tomb because there is no documented evidence showing the manner it was built. One theory implicates the construction of a straight or spiral access ramp that elevates as the construction progresses. This facilitates easy displacement of the blocks as they are pushed in their proper place. Another theory states the use of long levers with a short angled foot.
Originally, the pyramid measures 481 feet in height; however 30 ft was lost on the top of the pyramid probably because of its long existence. Covered with a casing of stone to smooth the surfaces, the pyramid ranked as the tallest structure in the whole world for more than 43 centuries. However, on the 19th century AD, it was outshined in height by another creation. The Great Pyramid of Giza is a masterpiece creation that has been skillfully created and shaped. Every side has been circumspectly angled using the cardinal points of the compass (north, east, west, and south).
Approximately 2 million blocks of stones weighing more than 2 tons each were utilized in the construction of the structure. The area covered by the Great Pyramid is so gigantic that in calculation can accommodate huge structures like the St. Peter’s in Rome, the cathedrals of Florence and Milan, Westminster and St. Paul’s in London all in one spot.
Entrance to the pyramid is situated in the northern wing. Passing through the Great Gallery and an uphill corridor will lead guests to the King’s Chamber, located on the central part of the pyramid. The king’s tomb and the interior walls of the King’s Chamber are made of red granite. The interior stones were skillfully fitted not even a card can fit in between them.
There have been many speculations and assumptions as to how the Great Pyramid was constructed. In the same way that there have been many conjectures and hypotheses on what purpose they intend to serve. Not any of these guesses have been considered as facts but one thing remains…The Great Pyramid of Giza are a wonderful and impressive work of art that mankind especially Egyptians can really be proud of.